Friday, 15 December 2017

Ilse Koch: Hamburg Feenteich in winter

Frosty weaping willows ("Trauerweiden") on the Alster in Hamburg.  

Ernst Einer: Feenteich, Hamburg  

This lovely, large print above probably shows Hamburg Feenteich in winter. The painting is by Hamburg impressionist Ernst Eitner and titled Feenteich.  

With the two other prints in my collection it documents characteristic Hamburg around 1910. See my recent Hamburg postings.     

Hamburg 1911
* -----    Feenteichbrücke = entrance to the Feenteich
** -----    Uhlenhorster Fährhus (Margarete Braumüllers print).
***--------      Fernsicht-brücke (Else Zinkeisen's print) =  entrance to Rondeelteich  


The Monogram iK suggests strongly it was created by Hamburg printmaker Ilse Koch (1869 - prob. 1834) although the other 9 prints I know by her hand, all flowers and vases, have a monogram IKA (Ilse Koch-Amberg). Her short biography is one of the over 400 in the upcoming book: daughter of a painter, married to painter-printmaker Hugo Amberg and sister to poster artist Walther Koch.

Entrance of the Feenteich : Feenteich-brücke am Schöne Aussicht.
Hans Meid (1883-1957): Feenteichbrücke, Hamburg 

Hans Meid: Rondeelteich (very similar to Feenteich, a pond beyond the Fernsehbrücke) 

Old photo's prove Feenteich (Fairy pond), with its posh villa's of Hamburgs achieved & richest situated in the Bellevue district, before the total destruction by Operation Gomorra was lined with old willow trees. 

Ernst Eitner: Feenteich, Hamburg.   
Ernst Eitner (1867-1955) today lovingly nicknamed "Monet of the North" was a Hamburg impressionist painter who was awarded an exhibition recently (it just ended) in Hamburg receiving the attention he never had during his life. The many paintings of the Alster region are proof of his love for the area where he worked lived and loved. 

Sadly there wasn't a catalogue to accompany the exhibition. But Googling pictures will give you an idea the Monet comparison is not totally without reason. He was one of the local artists commissioned by Alfred Lichtwark (1842-1914) the visionary first director, with a budget, to create paintings of Hamburg "en plain air" to stock his Kunsthalle Museum.   

Eitner was also a teacher in Valeska Rövers painting school (at nearby Glockengießerswal) teaching many young (Jewish) women. 

Either with his women students in 1897 

Ilse Koch attended Hamburg "Kunstgewerbeschule" (Arts & Craft school) no doubt to be also trained as a teacher. She moved in the circles of Käthe Kollwitz and the great Lovis Corinth and is mentioned as a mainly a self-taught artist. Which is not difficult to understand looking more closely to her family and relatives. But fat chance she knew Ernst Eitner.......

Fritz Flinte (1876-1963) painted picturesque Feenteich too, and Paul Kayser (1869-1942), Eitners colleague in the painting school and known for his low esteem of women painters, painted the view from its classes overlooking Lombardsbrücke and Alster . 


All pictures borrowed freely from the internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only. 

Thursday, 14 December 2017

Fritz von Zerboni di Sposetti: what's in a name ?

Friederich (Fritz) von Zerboni di Sposetti
(30-12- 1900 - 03-12-1958 Vienna)
Austrian (academical) painter and printmaker.   

Born, probably in Vienna, as the youngest son of 7 children of "Ministerialrath",  Maximilian von Zerboni di Sposetti (1856-1901) and Olga von Reimann (1863-1927), dr. of fieldmarshall Carl, Ritter von Reimann and Emilie, Freiin Kussevich von Samobor. 

Hannelore (faithful corresponding researcher from Austria) also was able to solve this signature problem. She was able to read it and even managed to find a "fitting" person in the Zerboni family genealogical data. 

The Sultan Ahmed-I mosque, depicted by Fritz Zerboni is also known as the Blue Mosque or Jewel of Istanbul and was built 1609-1619 during the reign of short lived Sultan Ahmed-I (1590-1617) who is buried inside. 

The Austrian painter and printmaker is not mentioned in any of the artists Lexicons. The today Austrian branch of this family descends from Maximilians great grandfather Bernardino von Zerboni di Sposetti who was born, and lived, in Breslau in 1686. 

All pictures borrowed freely from the internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only.  

Wednesday, 13 December 2017

Jaroslav Hejny (1918 - 1992): Traditional carp harvest in South Bohemia

Jaroslav Hejny 
(1918 - 1992)
Czech (Bohemian) painter and graphic artist. 

Well, she did it again! Corresponding member Hannelore from Austria also solved the mystery print in before posting. It is by Jaroslav Hejny, born in Kozlov near Pacov in the South of Bohemia (Czech Republic). He studied in Prag Academy under well known Czech artists Cyril Bouda (1901-1984), Karel Lidicky (1900-1976) and Martin Salcman (1896-1979). He died in 1992 in Českých Budějovicích, South Bohemias largest city. 

In 1991 a year before he died he was obviously awarded an exhibition of his work. In the background can be seen two paintings with fishermen in oil suits. 

And in this Logo of a 2015 exhibition, almost 25 years later, held in Českých Budějovicích, a drawing of the same company of fishermen was used. I was under the impression that Hejny must travelled abroad to a coastal region witnessing these men at work and depicting them. But that would have been very difficult: traveling from behind the Iron Curtain. I now know (thanks again Hannelore) this was one of Hejny's (who was also a professor in Prag), special themes and topics: local "Fishermen of south Bohemia"

Hejny is showing us in detail the traditional annual December carp haul (harvest) at lake Zablatsky in South Bohemia. The carps are the centre of the traditional Czech Christmas dish. Please follow this link because I think I am not allowed to reproduce the pictures I found Googling. 

Found and acquired as a "woodblock print showing Indonesian fishermen", this signed Czech pen and ink drawing is actually showing quite something else. I have no idea how the drawing ended up in the Netherlands. 

    All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only. 

Saturday, 9 December 2017

What is going on ?

What is going on here ?

Found as a "woodblock print with Indonesian fishermen" this quite good pen and ink drawing seems to represent some form of traditional, communal shore  (shoal) fishing. A company of 7 wading men pulling a net, 10 men in small boats with long poles adjusting or checking nets between their boats and at the shallows halfway the shore (with settlement) static fish nets, suggesting the location has a tidal system. In the front 13 large tanks and a man supervising. The tanks suggesting the catch is to be kept alive: Shrimps ? Fish eggs ? Aquarium fish ?  Researchers ?  In Indonesia, Brittany or in the Lofoten ?

The artists signature possibly reads "Heyny" (Hejnij ?).: I wonder if readers have any knowledge or wise suggestions what the artist is showing us.  

Monday, 4 December 2017

Margaret Schauffler: in or out ?

It has been a bit silent recently in my Blog. The reason: the book on German Women Printmakers is finally in the phase of a proof edition. It is awaiting last and final decisions while this question of "in or out" happened recently. The book is a collection of some 500 entries (245 pages): short biographies of German printmaking women artists and their world: family, teachers, galleries, critics, printing houses, exhibitions etc....  

"Collecting art without knowing anything about the artist is like collecting stamps without a catalogue".  


German by family name and by heritage American printmaker Margaret Schauffler strictly does not "belong" in an index treating German Women Printmakers. But since I decided, as the sole author and editor responsible, to include American printmaker Helen Hyde because after all she'd studied with Emil Orlik, I decided to take Margaret "aboard" and include her fascinating  short biography composed after I di some research in her history. I found two paintings and one print titled "Garden Gate" by her. The print is currently for sale at Paramour Fine Arts Gallery in Franklin (Mich.) USA. 


Schauffler, Margaret Reynolds 
(Cleveland Ohio USA 04-06-1896 - 1994)
American painter and printmaker.

Margaret was the daughter of missionary Dr. Henry Albert Schauffler (1837-1905) and his second wife Clara Hobart (1856-1942). She graduated from Oberlin High School in 1914 and received the A.B. degree in music, with Phi Beta Kappa honors, from Oberlin College in 1918. She graduated from the Cleveland School of Art in 1922 and received an M.A. in Art from Western Reserve University in 1931. From 1923 to 1961 she taught studio art and Asian art at Oberlin College, retiring as associate professor of art. 

After retiring, she taught art at Ashland College for eight years and continued giving private lessons in painting, jewelry-making and calligraphy until 1983. Many of her paintings were exhibited in Ohio galleries.  A woodblock print titled “Garden Gate” in yellow, greens and blue is known (Paramour Fine prints) known showing a house and gardens.

Margarets grandfather William Gottlieb Schauffler
Her father was one of 6 sons born to American missionaries Wilhelm (William) Gottlieb Schaufler (Stuttgart, Germany  22-08-1798 – 27-01-1883 New-York) and his American wife Mary Reynolds (Lougmeadow Mass. 13-04-1802- 09-01-1895 New Rochelle, New York) while serving in Constantinople, Turkey. With his parents W.G. Schauffler had immigrated from Germany to Odessa and then Izmir and Constantinopel in Turkey in 1826 after which he made his way to the US of America, where he worked as a woodturner and instrumentmaker also studying theology. Margaret's grandmother Mary Reynold's ancestors can be traced back in Brittain to the Doomsday book describing land, possessions and owners in and before 1066. It was ordered by William the Conqueror (1028-1087).  

"Sultan Ahmed Mosque" in Istanbul by unknown Fritz .......... (private coll) .
He then was sent and returned to Constantinople to work as a missionary among the Jews, the Armenians and German colony in Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire. In 1843 he founded the “Deutschen Evangelischen Gemeinde” in Istanbul. He had a career as a missionary in the Orient for close to 50 years and became famous for translating the Old Testament into Ladino, the language of the Sephardic Jews (based on Old-Spanish and Hebrew) who after being expelled from the Iberian region (Spain, Portugal, South of France) in great numbers had come to live in the Ottoman Empire, Palestine being one of its provinces. W.G. Schauffler was a woodturner and instrument maker by profession, like his father Philip Frederick Schauffler who was married to Carolina Henrietta Schuckart from Stuttgart in the kingdom of Würtemberg (then a duchy). With his family of 5 children he lead a company of some 400 souls emigrating from Germany to Odessa in South of Russia in 1804 to arrive in 1805. He also lived and worked in Vienna to return to the USA in 1877.

In 1886 her father Henry Schauffler and Clara Hobart founded Schauffler College in Cleveland which started as a mission to Bohemian immigrants and women interested in religious education and social work. After his first wife Clara Eastham Grey (1842-1883) who bore him 9 children, had died in 1883 Henry Schauffler in 1892 remarried the schools first teacher Clara Hobart. With her he got another three childern. In 1954, Schauffler College became the Schauffler Division of Religious and Social Work at the Oberlin Graduate School of Theology. It transferred to Defiance College in 1967.


All pictures borrowed freely from the Internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only.

Friday, 27 October 2017

Else Zinkeisen and friends: around Hamburg Bellevue and Ausser Alster.

Today some more nice pictures of picturesque Hamburg, to be more specific of the beautiful surroundings of the Alster the 2 lakes in the heart of this great city.

Visit also my earlier posting on the Alster Ühlenhorster Fährhus with Margarete Braumullers iconic print of this location that was destroyed in the bombing and firestorms following Operation Gomorrha in 1943 with the rest of Hamburg and was never rebuild. (use the search option or follow the labels to this post) 

Helene Mass, View on the Alster and Jungfernstieg
 from the Lombardsbrücke Haltestelle 

To my surprise Helene Mass was in Hamburg too (and in Amsterdam !), I wonder if the two printmakers ever met, hard to believe they did not. Another recent discovery is Else Zinkeisen (before 1910) studied privately in Berlin with painter Franz Skarbina (1849-1910 !) and an even greater surprise is that Wally Peretz-Brutzkus, of whom we know so very little, also was Skarbina's student (as was Marianna von Buddenbrock btw). This will all be revealed in the upcoming book and later postings.
Ernst Eitner, "Monet of the North": Alster ferry on its way to Uhlenhorst.   

Arthur Illies: Alster ferry on its way from Uhlenhorst.   
The many districts of this big city that are spread around the Alster were interconnected with a steam ferry service in service again today.

Many bridges spanning the many canals and branches, the inner city of Hamburg is often compared to Amsterdam. 

This print, possibly of historic importance, was recently discovered and is showing the "Fernsicht Brücke". For a while however we wrongly assumed it might be the Eppendorfer-Winterhude bridge depicted below by Hamburg photographer-printmaker Bernhard Troch (1867-1924). 

Eppendorfer Brücke with horse and carriage 

Fernsicht Brücke 

With its companion bridge the "Krugkoppel Brücke" the "Fernsicht Brücke" it closes the circuit around the Ausser Alster in the north. It is seen looking into the "Rondeelkanal" and "Rondeelteich" a "Cul de sac" of the Ausser Alster  occupied by the villa's of Hamburg prosperous elite build in the second half of the 19th century.  

Fernsicht Brücke in 1892, entrance to the Rondeelteich
Both wooden bridges were build around 1890 and replaced in 1927/28 by concrete and macon work bridges still standing today. They give access to "Bellevue": Hamburgs posh district with grand villas and city palaces build and owned by the rich and influential. Compare living here with living around Central Park in New-York, around Tiergarten in Berlin or in the heart of London. 

View from "Fernsicht" 
The new Fernsicht Brücke shortly after completion in 1928 
Most interesting is also the horse drawn coach: "Kaiserliche und Königliche Post" connecting Hamburg with the world with a network of fast and modern designed coaches working in clockwork schedules until the steam engine took over.

Unknown painter Bruno Liedmann: Deutsche Post (eBay find)  

This also never before seen (not by me) and recently found in Hamburg print by Else Zinkeisen of whom my research learned she possibly was from a prosperous family of Hamburg city-centre chemists/pharmacists shows the entrance (Park Tor) to a park.  
Else Zinkeisen: Park Tor
The Hamburg Stadt-Park in Winterhude is not far away and it is also not far from the "Künstlerhaus" were she lived in 1930. I would love to receive more genealogical and biographical information concerning the Hamburg Zinkeisen family.

Helene Mass: Kinder im Park
Else Zinkeisen had two artistic cousins in Dresden and is remotely connected to the famous Scottish painting Zinkeisen sisters Anna and Doris who derive from  a Zinkeisen timber trading branch of the family. 
Arthur Illies: Alster Wiese
And this Else Zinkeisen print (below) that came to me through different channels could very well show the, or a, "Stadt Park" or Alster meadow although Else Zinkeisen traveled and created views of other places (like Munich). Before today she was mostly know and remembered for her views of river Elbe seen from the heights of Hamburg-Altona.

More Alster and Hamburg in next posting.

Please send any information on Else Zinkeisen (27 aug. 1871 - prob. around or after 1934)

All pictures borrowed freely from the internet for friendly, educational and non commercial use only.